New Multiverse Theory Explains Surprisingly Small Mass of Higgs Boson
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New Multiverse Theory Explains Surprisingly Small Mass of Higgs Boson

Dr. Raffaele Tito D’Agnolo of the French Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission and Dr. Daniele Teresi of CERN have presented a new hypothesis to explain both the Higgs boson’s shockingly tiny mass and the strong force’s perplexing symmetry features.

Peter Higgs proposed the Higgs boson, a neutral spin-zero boson, in 1964.

Its discovery in 2012 was a landmark moment in physics history. It explained a basic concept: how elementary particles that have mass get their masses.

But it also marked something no less fundamental: the beginning of an era of measuring in detail the particle’s properties and finding out what they might reveal about the nature of the Universe.

One such property is the particle’s mass, which is remarkably small at 125 GeV. Many theories have been proposed to explain this small mass, but none have been supported by facts.

Dr. D’Agnolo and Dr. Teresi propose a theory in their new research to explain both the lightness of the Higgs boson and another fundamental physics puzzle.

According to the idea, the Universe began as a collection of many universes, each with a different value of the Higgs mass, and in some of these universes the Higgs boson was discovered.

Universe with a heavy Higgs boson collapse in a large crunch in a very short period in this multiverse model, but universes with a light Higgs boson escape this collapse.

One of these surviving light-Higgs universes would be our current Universe.

Furthermore, the model, which includes two new particles in addition to the existing particles predicted by the Standard Model, can explain the puzzling symmetry features of the strong force, which binds quarks to form protons and neutrons and protons and neutrons to form atomic nuclei.

Although quantum chromodynamics predicts a probable breakdown in strong interactions of a fundamental symmetry known as CP symmetry, such a breakdown has not been observed in experiments.

One of the model’s new particles can address the so-called strong CP problem, rendering strong interactions CP symmetric.

Furthermore, the same new particle might account for dark matter, which is assumed to account for the majority of matter in the Universe.

Of course, the jury is still out on whether the new model, or any of the many others proposed to explain the Higgs boson mass or the strong CP problem, will fly.

“Each model comes with perks and limitations,” Dr. Teresi said.

“Our model stands out because it is simple, generic and it solves these two seemingly unrelated puzzles at once.”

“And it predicts distinctive features in data from experiments that aim to search for dark matter or for an electric dipole moment in the neutron and other hadrons.”

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